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Safety Commitment

Our safety policy leaves no room for error. The aim is to have zero accidents, injuries, and fatalities involving our autonomous technologies.
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Following successful simulation testing, the ADS moves on to Software in the Loop and Hardware in the Loop testing before we move to test tracks and controlled environments like Living Labs.


Autonomous driving software (ADS) is comprehensively tested in simulation environments with traditional and edge case scenarios.


Extensive research into customer requirements, sensor capability, vehicle attributes and safety assurance methods form the basis of Arrival Autonomous Driving Projects.

Safety Case 2021

Safety Management and Review Board Approval

The Safety Management and Review Board (SMRB) is independent of the Autonomous Driving System Teal, ensuring impartial safety review decisions. The SMRB takes expertise from a range of Arrival teams, including Robotics, H&S, Regulations, and Compliance, and applies it to technology systems and products. The Robopilot safety case framework is reviewed and approved by the SMRB before any public road testing occurs.

User Training

Extensive user training ensures operators have a complete understanding of the vehicle and its capabilities. Early system trials involve a safety operator to closely monitor the driving environment when the ADS is engaged, with a safety co-pilot who monitors system performance.

Testing and Validation

We start with simulations to establish the software capabilities of our autonomous driving system. After thorough trialing, we move to physical testing in controlled environments on proving grounds. Only then do we progress to living lab autonomous testing environments.

After rigorous testing throughout these stages, virtual, and physical performance achieves the required Safety Assurance. We can then begin public road testing.

Developing our Safety Envelope

Arrival’s Safety Envelope is defining the operating environment, or Operational Design Domain (ODD) in which our technologies are capable of safely driving autonomous vehicles.

Four defining elements ensure all-round safety:
1. Vehicle capability.
2. Topography and environment condition hazards analysis.
3. Vulnerable road users and traffic hazards analysis.
4. Using a Safety Driver.


Our safety case builds on the requirements from the Department for Transport (DfT) Code of Practice for trialing and testing autonomous vehicles and includes engagement with relevant bodies, including Local Councils, Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CCAV) and DfT. 

Robopilot is part-funded by CCAV and ISCF (Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund), meaning that we’re always ahead with new developments and expectations within the industry.


We are committed to creating a world-class Safety Management System with thoughtfully applied safety principles.

Safety is fundamental to everything we do, and nurturing trust in Arrival technology is key to automating driving globally. The trust of customers, governments, advocates, and the public is essential to effectively modernising global transportation.

As we transition to on-road autonomy, Robopilot builds on our existing safety framework developed for off-road autonomous driving.

Legal report

This legal report was commissioned by South Gloucestershire Council as part of the Robopilot project.

It examines the current regulatory framework for Light Commercial Vehicles (LCVs) and urban freight and sets out practical and regulatory issues along with potential solutions that will need to be explored ahead of the introduction of automated LCVs.

The Legal Report for Robopilot